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Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-016 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
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1 de 5
Technological Innovation in Services and Manufacturing: Results From Italian Surveys.
Sirilli, Giorgio
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 9 December II (1998) página 881 - 899
SERVICE SECTORTECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATIONMANUFACTURING SECTOR
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-016-001
This paper provides fresh empirical evidence on technological innovation in the service sectror, and highligts major similarities and differences with manufacturing. The main findings are the following. Technological innovation is quite a diffused and variegated phenomenon in market services. Engineering, technical consultancy, computing and software emerge as the most innovative sectors. Innovation expenditure per employee in these industries is rather close to the manufacturing average. Sevice firms as well as the manufacturing ones rely on a wide range of innovation sources. The acquisition and development of software and investment in machinery are the most cited. Investment, R and D and software are the major components of firms innovation expenditure. Both in services and manufacturing the most important objective of firms innovation strategies consist of improving service/product quality, increasing market shares and reducing production costs. Major obsatcles for introducing technological innovation in services, as well as in manufacturing, are of an economic nature i.e., lack of appropiate sources of finance and cost of innovation too high. Technological information is drawn mainly from in-house production departments as well as from outside supplier of equipment, client and customers. Again this is a pattern which is quite similar to the one found in the manufacturing sector. Finally, in the near future the importance of technology for firms performance is expected to increase in all service industries. Overall, service and manufacturing sectors show more similarities than differences with respect to some basic dimensions of innovation processes.

2 de 5
The Impact of Transaction Costs on the Institutional Structuration of Collaborative Academic Research.
Landry, Réjean
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 9 December II (1998) página 901 - 913
DECISIONSCOLLABORATIONRESEARCHSTRUCTURESTRANSACTION COSTS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-016-002
This paper addresses a crucial question: Which factors explain the choices of institutional structures made by university researchers? The main findings of the study point to the central importance of publication assets, coordination costs, additional funding, and membership in the disciplines of engineering, natural sciences and health sciences as factors affecting the choices of institutional structures university researchers make when they become involved in collaborative research projects. On the other hand, the number of years researchers have been involved in collaborative research, the capture of additional publications linked to involvement in collaborative research, the importance of administrative burdens and the time required to coordinate collaborative research were demonstrated to be unimportant in explaining these choices.

3 de 5
In Search of Project Classification: A Non-Universal Approach to Project Success Factors.
Dvir, D
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 9 December II (1998) página 915 - 935
PROJECT CLASSIFICATIONPROJECT SUCCESS FACTORSNON-UNIVERSAL APPROACH
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-016-003
In this study we attempt to answer two questions: Is there a natural way to classify projects and what are the specific factors that influence the success of various kinds of projects? Perhaps one of the major barriers to understanding the reasons behind the success of a project has been the lack of specificity of constructed applied in project management studies. Many studies of project success fgactors have used a universalistic approach, assuming a basic similarity among projects. Instead of presenting an initial construct, we have employed a linear discriminant analysis methodology in order to classify projects. Our results suggest that project success factors are not universal for all projects. Different projects exhibit different sets of success factors, suggesting the need for a more contingent approach in project management theory and practice. In the analysis we use multivariate methods which have been proven to be powerful in many ways, for example, enabling the raking of different managerial factors according to their influence on project success.

4 de 5
Passing the European Patent Office: Evidence From the Data-Processing Industry.
Van Dijk, Theon
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 9 December II (1998) página 937 - 946
DATA-PROCESSING INDUSTRYPATENTABILITY REQUIREMENTSPATENT PROCEDURE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-016-004
This explorative paper investigates how firms in the global data-processing industry that seek patent protection for their innovations in Europe have coped with the patentability requirements of the European Patent Office. Starting from a continuos research spectrum with basic research on the one extreme and development on the other, the main hypothesis is as follows: firms that carry out more basic research are more successful in passing the patent office than firms that focus more on development. Basic research explores more novel and unknown technical paths, while development aims more at modifying and redesigning existing products. Therefore, the results from more basic-oriented research are expected to fulfill the patentability requirements relatively more often than the results from development. This hypothesis is tested and largely confirmed for the global data-processing industry (with a sample of 44 firms) in the period 1986-1990, using indirect variables for basic research and development.

5 de 5
Why has the Investment Performance of Technology-Specialist, European Venture Capital Funds Been so Poor?
Murray, Gordon C
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 9 December II (1998) página 947 - 976
GOVERNMENT SUPPORTFUND PERFORMANCENEW TECHNOLOGY BASED FIRMSVENTURE CAPITAL
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-016-005
This paper seeks to identify and model the key parameters which impact on the commercial performance of a specialist, technology focused, early-stage, venture capital fund. Using both input (costs) and output (expected values) data provided by a number of specialist, independent venture capital firms, a spreadsheet model of a 10 year term fund is developed. These figures are used to generate Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV) performance calculations for the investment commitments of both the institutional, limited partners and venture capitalist, general partner. The generically defined model allows the user to address both conceptual and pragmatic question regarding the realtionsnhip between fund structure and performance. The model is further developed to determine the effect on fund performance of two venture capital related, indirect State support schemes (guarantee and leverage options). Iterative interrogations of the model demonstrate the sensitivity of economic returns to the scale of the investment activity. State supported schemes mitigate but do not remove the negative performance consequences of small fund size. A fund with under 15 million (USDOLLAR 25 million or ECU21 million) under management is of increasing economic vulnerability.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-016 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 5 de 5
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