Búsqueda en Artículos Técnicos
Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-015 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 9 de 9
1
1 de 9
Mediation in the Dutch Science System.
Van der Meulen, Barend
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 757 - 769
INTERMEDIARY ORGANIZATIONSSCIENCE POLICYINSTITUTIONSTHE NETHERLANDSAGGREGATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-001
The national research system of the Netherlands exemplifies general characterisctics of modern research systems, with an intermediary level between the state and research performance organizations, and with increasing pressure for revelance of science. Specific for the Netherlands is the density of innovations in the intermediary level and the institutional competence in (heterogeneous) aggregation processes for agenda building, and consociational implementation. Sectoral advisory councils, foresight exercises, and strategic research programmes are described, and background trends and socio-political and socio-cognitive aspects are dicussed.

2 de 9
Research Institutions in France: Between the Republic of Science and the Nation-State in Crisis.
Papon, Pierre
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 771 - 780
STATETECHNOLOGYSCIENCEKNOWLEDGEFRANCE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-002
The French science and technology system has developed according to a Colbertist model. However, strong incentives for centralization and coordination coexist with large degrees of freedom within public scientific institutions, particularly those supporting academic science. This system has undergone slow but deep changes during the last two decades: institutional innovations have been put forth, and political initiatives have been taken to increase cooperation between academic science and the economy. In this paper, some of the consequences of these institutional innovations are assessed, particularly with regard to knowledge production. It is shown that, although the innovations were limited, they tended to change the context in which academic science is undertaken. Some paradoxes of the French system, in particular the relative weakness of its scientific production in the engineering sciences, are emphasized. Finally it is shown that the research system is deeply involved in the crisis of the nation state, which can on more pilot technological and scientific development as in the decades following the Second World War.

3 de 9
Socialist Academies of Sciences: The Enforced Orientation of Basic Research at User Needs.
Mayntz, Renate
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 781 - 791
CONTRAT RESEARCHRESEARCH PLANNINGACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-003
In the former socialist societies, science was considered an instrument of socialist development and subjected to central planning procedures similar to those used in economic planning. Basic research, but also problem oriented and even some applied research was concentrated in the National Academy of Sciences. To ensure the orientation of academy research on user needs, and particularly on the needs of the socialist economy, academy institutes were required to earn a certain proportion, often more than half of their funds, by acquiring contracts from industry. The limited absorptive capacity of industry especifically in the 1980s impaired the effectiveness of this forced linkage. The article traces the effects this had on academy research as a whole.

4 de 9
The Social Shaping of the National Science Base.
Pavitt, Keith
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 793 - 805
TECHNICAL CHANGENATIONAL SCIENCE BASEINNOVATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-004
Innovation studies confirm de Tocquevilles prediction that continuous technical change in business firms in modern society would require the development in close proximity of publicly funded basic research and associated training. The rate and direction of the development of a countrys science base is strongly influenced by its level of economic development, and the compositions of its economic and social activities. In other words, it is socially shaped.

5 de 9
The Role of Funding in the Cognitive Development of Science.
Braun, Dietmar
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 807 - 821
RESOURCE ALLOCATIONPEER REVIEWFUNDING AGENCYCOGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-005
The influence of the policies of funding agencies on cognitive developments in science has never been systematically evaluated. In this paper it is endeavoured to gather the knowledge we have on this subject and to answer two questions: by what means and processes is the distribution of funding resources transformed into scientific information and knowledge processes? Who is deciding on the distribution of funds within funding agencies and how is this related to incremental or innovative cognitive developments in science? The major argument is that because funding resources contribute significantly to the chances of doing research and, therefore, to the maintenance or contesting of existing power relations in the scientific field, the policy-making in funding agencies is the focus of diverse interests. The structure, norms and interests within funding agencies explain both the divergence in policy output, and often conservative implications with regard to cognitive scientific developments.

6 de 9
The Norms of Entrepreneurial Science: Cognitive Effects of the New University-Industry Linkages.
Etzkowitz, Henry
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 823 - 833
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFERCAPITALIZATION OF KNOWLEDGESPIN-OFF FIRMSUNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY INTERACTION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-006
Universities are currently undergoing a second revolution these days, incorporating economic and social development as part of their mission. The first academic revolution made research an academic function in addition to teaching. Now the emerging entrepreneurial university integrates economic development as an additional function. The capitalization of knowledge takes many different forms that are discussed in this article.

7 de 9
Science-Based Technologies: University-Industry Interactions in Four Fields.
Krahmer Meyer, Frieder
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 835 - 851
TECHNOLOGICAL-SCIENTIFIC COMMUNITYUNIVERSITY-INDUSTRY INTERACTIONLOCK-INNATIONAL SYSTEMS OF INNOVATIONPATH-DEPENDENCE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-007
In recent years, the co-operation between industrial firms and universities has increased considerably, but the interaction pattern in different technological fields is not uniform. In science-based fields, university departments have a distinct focus on basic research and the major interest of industry is the observation of science. In less science-based fields, the solution of technical problems is a major concern of industry. In all fields, the exchange of knowledge in techno-scientific communities is a crucial element of interaction. In Germany, strong intra-disciplinary ties between universities and industry in mechanical engineering obviously imply an insufficient openness to, and interaction of, new technologies. The particular combination of a long-standing culture of co-operation and the economic success in the mechanical industry can be interpreted in terms of a specific path-dependant evolution of a stable sector of the national system of innovation, but with the tendency to lock-in effects.

8 de 9
Experimental Implementation as a Linking Mechanism in the Process of Innovation.
Van den Daele, Wolfgang
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 853 - 868
PLANT ENGINEERINGWASTE MANAGEMENTEXPERIMENTAL IMPLEMENTATIONTECHNOLOGICAL INNOVATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-008
The involvement of scientists in the networks of innovation links research activities to practical (technical, economic), political and moral considerations. This does not make the functional differences that exist between doing research and making practical decision disappear, but both sides are affected by the interaction. Two case studies are presented that illustrate how science contributes not only knowledge, but also its mode of operation experimenting to processes of social and technological innovation, while the problems emerging in the process of experimental implementation pose new cognitive challenges for research.

9 de 9
Science and the Media.
Weingart, Peter
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 8 December (1998) página 869 - 879
MEDIALEGITIMATIONPUBLICSCIENCEDEMOCRACY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-015-009
The traditional view of the popularization of science, if it was ever correct, is challenged in the new arrangement between science and the media. The paper discusses the changes in that arrangement and gives three particular cases of what is termed an increasingly closer science-media-coupling: pre-publication of results in the media, the role of media prominence in relation to scientific reputation, and the cassandra syndrome in some areas of research, i.e., the initiation of catastrophe discourses in order to catch public attention. The coupling with its problematic consequences seems inescapable given the increased dependency on public support on the part of science, and the medias enhanced role in providing legitimation.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-015 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 9 de 9
1
© Universidad Dr. Rafael Belloso Chacín, Derechos Reservados, Estado Zulia, Venezuela, 2011.
Dirección de Tecnologías de Información - Unidad de Servicios Web