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Búsqueda sobre: RRP-013 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
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1 de 7
The Inevitable Limits of EU R and D Funding.
Pavit, Keith
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 559 - 568
EUROPEAN UNIONLIMITSR AND D FUNDING
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-001
The experience of the past 40 years in national policies for and European cooperation in science and technology points to clear conclusions about EU policies. Firts, the prevailing notions of technology gaps between Europe and Japan and the USA notions which been a driving force in the EU policy for research and technology have been exaggerated. However, real gaps exist amongst the EU member-countries themselves. Secondly, it is unrealistics to expect EU funded R and D programmes by themselves to make a substantial difference to the rate and direction of technical change in Europe. However, EU policies for competition and other forms of regulation, trade and investment can have a major influence on corporate decisions about technical change. It is important for EU innovation policy to promote favourable framework conditions within which business firms are encouraged to improve their technological and related organizational practices.

2 de 7
Competitiveness and Cohesion Are the Two Compatible?.
Sharp, Margaret
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 569 - 588
MAASTRICHT TREATYCOHESIONINTANGIBLE INVESTMENTCOMPETITIVENESSEUROPEAN UNIONS RTD ACTIONS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-002
This paper addresses the question of whether the cohesion objective written into Maastricht Treaty is compatible with the pursuit of competitiveness which in turn underpins the European Unions RTD actions and the Framework Programme. It argues that since both objective are concernde with the process of catching up in which intangible investment in RTD play an acknowledged role, there should be few problems of compatibility. In practice, however, the process of catching up is more complex than envisaged in economic theory, and requires the complementary development of capabilities, skills and institutions which can only happen over time. Using new data from Framework Programmes 2 and 3 it shows that in practice the cohesion countries and regions, given their capabilities, received relatively favourable treatment during the years 1987-1994, with links between north and sourth solidly increasing, especifically with academic institutions and research laboratories in sourthern countries. Nevertheless, in terms of numbers of trained scientists and engineers, expenditures on R and D, etc., the cohesion countries are well below average. The paper argues that the intangible investment to build up these capabilities have to come from the Structural Funds and domestic resources, while the role for the Framework Programme is to provide the route by which the institutions and firms in these countries acquire the necessary and complementary tacit knowledge and skills.

3 de 7
The Networks Promoted by the Framework Programme and the Questions They Raise About its Formulation and Implementation.
Larédo, Philippe
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 589 - 598
EUROPEAN UNION (EU)RESEARCH POLICYFRAMEWORK PROGRAMMES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-003
This article reviews the impacts of European Union (EU) research policy by analysing its effects on French participants. It highligts three main network configurations through which effects are obtained and which provide renewed translations of the goals of EU research policy. Pre-competitiveness is linked to basic technological networks. Innovation networks help support the international competitiveness of European industry. Finally, networks centred on innovation in collective goods provide support for other EU sectoral policies. These results question the formulation of EU research policy, and especifically its only tool for implementation, the specific research programmes and the thematic calls for proposals. The results also suggest other changes in policy, such as calls based on different types of networks to be promoted or the delegation of programme implementation to special agencies.

4 de 7
The Difficulties in Assessing the Impact of EU Framework Programmes.
Luukkonen, Terttu
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 599 - 610
R AND D STRATEGYEU FRAMEWORK PROGRAMMECOMPETITIVENESS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-004
Evaluations concerning the EU framework programmes have not been to get to grips with competitiveness, which is a major objective for these research programmes. The reasons include the general nature of the objective and the ensuing difficulty in measuring its attainment. There are also conceptual and methodological problems in evaluation studies, which arise from the fact that they are part of the political processes for formulating the programmes. The paper points out that the concept of additionality, used in these studies, has serious conceptual and measurement problems and asserts that in the evaluation of the impact of EU research programmes, too litle attention has been paid to the interactions between firms. R and D strategies and their EU collaboration activities. The paper summarises finding of impact studies carried out in several countries and shows that intangible, infrastructural effects, such as learning new skills and catalysing new networks relations, are the impact most often mentioned by all partners concerned. The programmes have other important effects related to the promotion of common standars, which are a prerequisite for the creation of a common market. It order to assess the longer-term importance and evolution of the networks created, more qualitative and longitudinal studies ought to be carried out.

5 de 7
Global Cooperation in Research.
Georghiou, Luke
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 611 - 626
RESEARCHBARRIERGLOBAL COOPERATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-005
This article examines the emerging phenomenon of global cooperation in research between industrialised countries, manifested in large increases in copublication between Europe and other regions, increasing focus on single global facilities in big science and the emergence of global cooperative programmes. Motivations for cooperation are examined, distinguishing between direct benefits to the research and indirect strategic, economic or political benefits. Barriers include the growing significance of competitiveness issues and a mismatch of institutions. It is concluded that formal arrangements are beginning to catch up with the very sustantial extent of bottom-up global cooperation. Issues are raised for European programmes incluiding the nature of a European platform within global alliances, the strategic position of Europe in the broader pattern of scientific relations and the impracticability of maintaining programmes with restricted access to foreing participants.

6 de 7
Global Interdependence or the European Fortess? Technology Policies in Perspective.
Vayrynen, Raimo
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 627 - 637
STANDARDSHDTV: A CASE STUDYEUROPEAN TECHNOLOGY POLICIESNATIONAL TECHNOLOGIESTECHNOLOGY IN THE TRIADTECHNOLOGY AND GLOBALIZATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-006

7 de 7
The Changing Structure of the US National Innovation System: Implications for International Conflict and Cooperation in R and D.
Mowery, David C
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 6 September (1998) página 639 - 654
US NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMDEFENSE-RELATED R AND D SPENDINGFEDERAL PROGRAMSFEDERAL GOVERNMENTR AND D POLICY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-013-007
The paper summarizes recent trends in the structure of the US national innovation system. Among these trends is a decline in R and D spending by the federal government, largely due to reductions in defense-related R and D spending. Another important shift in the profile of US R and D spending is the reduction in the share of basic research funded by industry. Other policy-related changes are the introduction of federal programs that have sought to strengthen civilian technology capabilities by subsidizing and promoting joint research and collaboration between US universities and industry and the federal laboratories and US industry. The paper claims that sporadic efforts to limit the international dissemination of the results of publicly funded R and D have in many cases been frustrated. Similar efforts to restrict foreing firms access to EU R and D programs have had little effect. It further concludes that the efforts to restrict foreing participation in US or EU publicly funded R and D programs seem to be ill-advised and infeasible. Considerable evidence suggests that the critical competitive weakness for both US and EU firms lie more in the translation of R and D advances into commercial producst, rather than in the R and D capabilities per se. Cosequently, the participation of non-European firms in EU technology development projects and non-US firms in publicly funded technology projects could convey powerful learning and demonstration benefits.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-013 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
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