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1 de 6
Does Technological Convergence Imply Convergence in Markets? Evidence From the Electronics Industry.
Gambardella, Alfonso
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 445 - 463
TECHNOLOGICAL CONVERGENCEBUSINEES DIVERSIFICATIONELECTRONICS INDUSTRY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-001
This paper uses data on new subsidiaries, acquisitions, collaborative agreements, and patents of the largest 32 US and European electronics firms during 1984-1992 to examine the relationships between technological and business diversification. We find that during the 1980s many firms focused on fewer businesses, but we find no evidence of greater technological focus. We argue that this is related to the fact that, in spite of technological convergence, electronics sectors still command highly industry or even product-specific downstream assets. In addition, we find that business focus improved performance, but that better performance is also associated with greater technological diversification. We discuss some interpretation of this finding.

2 de 6
Towards Atheory of the Tecnology-Based Firm.
Granstrand, Ove
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 465 - 489
DIVERSIFICATIONMANAGEMENTR AND DTECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRM
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-002
The modern firm is a very viable economic institution, drawing strength from a competitive market economy, with emdedded super-markets for corporate control and sub-markets for internal organization. The technology-based firm in addition draws strength from its co-evolution with modern science and tecnology (and vice versa), and thereby becomes increasingly important. However, received theories of the firm, of which there are many, have not particularly taken account of technology and technology-base firms, nor their management. This paper takes an empirical point of depature from recent findings regarding the positive relationship between technology divesrification on the one hand corporate growth and business diversification on the other. These findings are not readily explainable by received theories of the firm, which the paper reviews, and the findings are thus taken as an explanadun for a proposed approach to formulate a theory of the technology-based firm. The approach is compatible with various other theoretical approaches such as the resource-based, the transaction-cost and the evolutionary approach, but specifically takes the idiosyncrasies of technology (i.e., technical competence) as well as management into account. Through notably strong economies of scale, scope, speed and space associated with the combination of different technologies and resources, the technology-based firm is subjected to specific dynamics in its growth and diversification and shifts of businesses and resources. In particular, a technology-based firm tends to engage in technology diversification, thereby becoming multitechnological. As such the technology-based firm has incentives to economize on increasingly expensive new technologies by pursuing strategies of internationalization on both input and output markets, technology -related diversification, external technology marketing and sourcing, R and D rationalization and technology-related partnering.

3 de 6
The Entry Mode Choice of MINEs: An Evolutionary Approach.
Mutinelli, Marco
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 491 - 506
CO-OPERATIVE STRATEGYENTRY MODECOMPETENCIESCOMPLEMENTARY ASSETS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-003
The literature on foreing direct invesment (FDI) has recently analysed the nature of the firms entry mode choice in a foreing market, particularly the choice between a joint venture anda wholly owned subsidiary. The paper aims at providing further empirical evidence on the influence of some key variables in explaining it. The theoretical framework relates to the resource-based view of the firm and to the more recent competence-based theory. It focuses on the concept of the firm as a collection of productive resources and assets, built through internal learning processes in the form of evolutionary experimentation. The inability of the firm to build internally all the needed knowledge and competencies forces it to acquire them outside, influencing the growth stratetgy of the firm. As resouces and complementary assets are spread out, the firm has to deal with constraints which become more crucial when the firm enters into unfamiliar markets and areas of activity. In particular, when deciding about the entry mode on foreing markets, the firm has to face transaction costs concerning actors and potential partners and their opportunism, and costs related to the need for acquiring information about new institutional environments and their working. According to this view, the resort to co-operative solutions and joint ventures allows firms to reduce costs and uncertainty related to foreing markets, and rises it technological opportunities, tacit skills and competencies constitute an important source of competitive advantage for the firm. An empirical analysis, with reference to a representative sample of FDI understaking by Italian firms in mining and manufacturing industries over the period 1986-1993, has been developed in order to test the hypotheses.

4 de 6
Technological Overlap and Interfirm Cooperation: Implications for the Resource-Based View of the Firm.
Mowery, David C
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 507 - 523
RESORUCE-BASEDCAPABILITIESALLIANCESPATENTSCOLLABORATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-004
The resource-based view of the firm, with its focus on firm-specific capabilities, has attracted considerable attention in recent work by ,management scholar, but has not sparked much empirical analysis. This paper relies on the resource-based view to examine parther choice in interfirm collaborations, emphasizing the role of partners technological capabilities. Patent citation data are used to measure technological overlap between firms before and afther alliance formation. Our results provide support for the resource-based view of the firm. Partner selection can be predicted by measures of technological overlap and, once formed, alliance appear to affect firms technological portfolios in ways predicted by the resource-based view.

5 de 6
Do Firms in Clusters Innovate More?.
Baptista, Rui
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 525 - 540
CLUSTERSINNOVATIONSPILLOVERSREGIONAL PATTERNS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-005
This paper analyses whether firms located in strong industrial clusters or regions are more likely than firms outside these regions. The study examines innovative activity using a database of innovations in the UK. The innovative record of 248 manufacturing firms during 8 years (1975-1982) is examined and related to employment in the region where they are located, and other variables. The results show that a firm is considerably more likely to innovative if own-sector employment in its home region is strong. On the other hand, the effect of strong employment in other industries does not appear to be significant. This may indicate that congestion effects outweigh any benefits that may come from diversification within clusters. The limitation of the data, however, do not allow for any definitive conclusion.

6 de 6
Patterns of Internationalization of Spanish Innovatory Firms.
Molero, José
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 5 September (1998) página 541 - 558
INNOVATORY AGENTDISCRIMINANT ANALYISISINTERNATIONALIZATIONLOGIT MODEL
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-012-006
The aim of this paper is to contribute to the debate about the factors determining the growing internationalization of small and medium firms originating from intermediate countries, The reason for selecting the Spanish innovating firms consists of the interest they have for analysing the interaction between the characteristics they have as innovatory agents and their behaviour regarding the global economy. The papers is developed from the following hypothesis: first, in the case of firms of countries with a more recent history of opening up to the international economy, the patterns of overseas expansion combine different kinds of elements such as factors included in the eclectic theory and tacit components of the company advantages. Second, in the treajectories followed by those firms some accumulative learning patterns can be found. The starting point of this research is a previous one carried out on the patterns of technological innovation of Spanich innovatory firms. On this basis, I have combined two sources fo obatining relevant data. The firts consists of the creation of a data bank of innovatory firms with 814 innovating companies. The second source is a very carried out with those firms. The statistical analysis is made through the application of discriminant analysis and logit models. They are good tools for systematic comparison between clusters and allow me to follow a stepwise method for aclose study of increasing complex international activity.

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