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1 de 7
Optimal Scale for Research and Development in Foreign Environment an Investigation Into Size and Performance of Research and Development Laboratories Abroad
Kuemmerle, Walter
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 111 - 126
INTERNATIONAL R AND D MANAGEMENTPERFORMANCE OF R AND D SITESRESEARCH VS. DEVELOPMENTOPTIMAL SIZE OF R AND D SITES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-001
This paper examines the relationship between performance and size of R and D laboratories operated abroad. Based on a theoretical argument, the paper proposes a concave relationship between laboratory size and performance, as well as a linear relationship between firm learning and laboratory performance. Empirical test with 129 laboratories established by 27 multinational companies in the pharmaceutical and electronics industries support these conjectures.

2 de 7
What Percentage of Innovations Are Patented? Empirical Estimates for European Firms.
Arundel, Anthony
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 127 - 141
PATENTSINDUSTRYEUROPEINNOVATION SURVEYSPROPENSITY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-002
A 1993 survey on the innovative activities of Europes largest industrial firms obtained useable on pateting activities for 604 respondts. The data are used to calculated the salves-weigthed propensity rates for 19 industries. The propensity rates equal the percentage of innovations for which a patent application is made. The propensity rates for product innovations average 35.9 por ciento, varying between 8.1 por ciento in textiles and 79.2 por ciento in pharmaceuticals. The average for process innovations is 24.8 por ciento, varying from 8.1 por ciento in textiles to 46.8 por ciento for precision instruments. Only four sector have patent propensity rates, for both product and process innovations combined, that exceed 50 por ciento: pharmaceuticals, chemicals, machinery, and precision instruments. Regression results that control for the effect of industry sector show that patent propensity rates increase with firm size and are higher among firms that find patents to be an important method for preventing competitors from copying both product and process innovations. The effect of secrecy is not so straightforward. Firms that find secrecy to be an important protection method for product innovations are less likely to patent, as expected, but secrecy has little effect on the propensity to patent process innovations. The R and D intensity of the firm has no effect on patent propensity rates for both product and process innovations. The sector of activity has a strong influence on product patent propensities but very little effect on process patent propensities, after controlling for the effect of other factors.

3 de 7
The Occupational Dynamics of Recent Canadian Engineering Graduates Inside and Outside the Bounds of Technology.
Lavoie, Marie
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 143 - 158
ENGINEEERING STUDIESSCHOOL-TOWORK TRANSITIONTECHNICAL SKILLSINTER-OCCUPATIONAL MOBILITYACCUMULATION OF TECHNOLOGY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-003
The increasing pervasivenees of new technologies in a multitude of occupations seems to have given a labour market advantage to engineers, offering them a range of job opportunities outside the traditional bounds of technology with important financial and career rewards. In this context, the OECD Technology/Economy Programme (TEP) raised concerns regarding the extent of the increasing availability and attractivenees of job opportunities outside the trdaitional fields of employment for recent engineering graduates. They also, however, stressed that there was little hard information available to diagnose the problem. In Canada, a series of databases the National Graduates Surveys allows us to conclude that: (1)

4 de 7
Managing Innovating: The Pursuit of Competitive Advantage and the Desing of Innovation Intense Environments.
Roberts, Rhonda
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 159 - 175
MANAGEMENTOF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGEINNOVATION MANAGEMENTNATIONAL SYSTEM OF INNOVATIONCOMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-004
Since the 1970s the field of innovation management has become the dominant policy discourse on the management of technological change specifically servicing the needs of government and business. Despite its rapid expnasion in the 1980s discussion in this discourse has actually narrowed and key implicit assumptions about the nature of innovation and its appropiate mangement have remained relatively unquestioned. In recent years attempts have been made to once again widen discussion. This paper contributes to this widening of discussion through an examination of the way in which the pursuit of competitive advantage has shaped the discourse and policy instruments. Various policy instruments have been presented as bolstering national performance in global economic and technological positioning. One of the newest is the innovation intense environments (IIEs) are defined here as special which purportedly increase the rate innovation and proliferacion of new, high technology industries. IIEs are referred to in the literature in a variety of ways including science or technology parks, science cities or technopolises. Whiler there is substantial variation in IIE design globally, most examples are implicitly shaped by the overall drive for competitive advantage and rely on a very limited definition of innovation. This shaping is clearly revelead when two very different kinds of IIE designs are examined. This paper examines fundamental assumptions made about the nature of innovation and its appropiate management as expressed in contemporary IIE design. The drive for competitive advantage has come to dominate public sector management of technological change and it is time that other issues were reintroduced into the dominant discourse on innovation management and IIE design.

5 de 7
Partnership in Transition Economies: International Strategic Technology Alliances in Russia.
Hagedoorn, John
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 177 - 185
PARTNERSHIPTRANSITION ECONOMYTECHNOLOGY ALLIANCE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-005
This paper explores general patterns and particularities of international strategic technology alliances of Western companies with Russian companies and other organizations. The objective of this paper is to examine whether alliances with Russian companies follow the general pattern of international inter-firm collaboration given the very different investment climate in Russia. In particular, this paper focuses on a range of specific isuues at the heart of debates in the current literature. It considers the choice between equity and contractual forms of alliances. This is followed by an examination of the particualr organizational configuration of post-socialist firms. In that context it analyses alliances with new or older partner-companies in different technological settings.

6 de 7
Fiscal Incentives To Consumer Innovation: The Use of Unleaded Petrol in Europe.
Stoneman, Paul
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 187 - 213
ENVIRONMENTDIFFUSIONUNLEATED FUEL
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-006
This paper explores the diffusion of unleaded fuel in eight European economies with the particular objective of evaluating fiscal incentives to consumer innovation as an instrument of technology policy. The unique diffusion patterns observed in each country reflect differing changes in the composition of the stock and the choices of consumers with cars capable of using both leaded and unleaded fuel. Data restrictions limit the detailed analysis to the second of these two issues. Estimating a consumer diffusion model usign Error Correction techniques the results indicate that the main driving forces (apart from changes in the composition of the car stock) have been country specific trend terms that reflect changing tastes and learning. In general, fiscal incentives have not palyed a major role in the diffusion process. We attribute this to the limited extent of these incentives and argue that given the estimated elasticities larger incentives would have generated a much more significant impact. Other policy conclusions are also drawn.

7 de 7
Technology Acquistion, De-Regulation and Competitiveness: A Study of Indian Automobile Industry.
Narayanan, K
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 2 June (1998) página 215 - 228
AUTOMOBILE INDUSTRYTECHNOLOGY ACQUISITIONINDIADE-REGULATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-009-007
This paper attempted to analyse the effects of de-regulation policy, introduced in India during the mid 1980s, on technology acquisition and competitiveness [defined in terms of market share changes] in the Indian automobile industry during the 1980s. Following evolutionary theoretical framework, the paper argues that asymmetry among firms in terms of technology acquisition [through technology acqusition is largely due to differences in the firms ability to bring about technological paradigma and trajectory shifts. The results of the econometric exercise support the view that, even in anera of capacity licensing, development of competitive skills crucially depended upon the ability to build specific technology trajectory advantages. This is achieved by successfully complementing imported technology with in-house technological efforts. Competitiveness in a de-regulated regime would, however, depend upon the ability of the firm to bring about technological paradigm shifts. New firms who depended on intra-firm transfer of technology and firms with in-house R and D efforts, to accomplish paradigm shifts, appear more successful. Further, in a liberal regime, advantage of vertical integration over sub-contracting also appear to be important in the determination of competitiveness.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-009 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 7 de 7
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