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Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-008 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
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1 de 6
Industrial Research as a Source of Important Patents.
Ernst, Holger
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 01 - 15
ELECTRONICS INDUSTRYPATENTSRESEARCHINTERNATIONAL COMPARISONR AND D
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-001
It has been recently observed that in the light of concepts like lean management, shortening of development times, business reengineering or shareholder value, companies have substantially cut down their expenditures for research. Since research is by definition primarily aimed at the broadening of technological knowledge rather than the development of products or processes which find immediate commercial applications, the benefits of research are not apparent and hence, the allocation of funds to research appears to be unjustified. Based on data from 25 European and Japanese electronics companies, we examined the relationship between corporate spending on research and patenting output. Since patent applications only measure the overall level of R and D activity, they were differentiated according to their quality in order to assess the technological and commercial impact of R and D activities. It is found that those companies, which spend a high share of their R and D expenditures on research, hold patents of relatively higher quality. Furthemore, differences between European and Japanese companies with respect to research spending and patent positions are identified. The results lead to the conclusion that research obviously serves as a base for those inventions, which are of higher technological and commercialization importance. Thus, the invesment in research appears to be of great value for the competitiveness and should therefore not be neglected.

2 de 6
The Evolution of Technological Capabilities in the Multinational Corporation Dispersion, Duplication and Potential Advantages From Multinationality.
Zander, Ivo
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 17 - 35
TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIESADVANTAGES FROM MULTINATIONALITYMULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-002
This article examines longitudinal changes in the geographical location of advanced technological capabilities in the national corporation. Data on the postwar development of 24 Swedish multinationals show increasing dispersion and duplication of capabilities within individual technologies, offering flexibility advantages as well as enhanced potential for croos-fertilization between dispered units. The duplication of Technological capabilities is shopwn to be a slow process, and the paper discusses the perceived tension between evolutionary growth and increasing commitments to foreing markets and the forces that tend to concentrate capabilities to a limited number of locations. Differences among individual firms and types of technology are discussed in this context.

3 de 6
A Dynamic Analysis of the Relations Between the Structure and the Process of National Systems of Innovation Using Computer Simulation; The Case of the Dutch Biotechnological Sector.
A. Janszen, Felix H
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 37 - 54
SYSTEM DYNAMICSBIOTECHNOLOGYCOMPUTER SIMULATIONINNOVATION PROCESS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-003
In this study, the relationship between regional attributes and the generation and exploitation of technology was investigated. The study consist of two parts, an empirical study of the Dutch biotechnology sector and a computer modeling part. In this computer model, based upon system dynamics, postulated mechanisms of the innovation process in the Dutch biotechnology sector were modeled and the results of these simulations were compared with the results obtained from the empirical research. From this study, it can be concluded that computer modeling may increase our insight into the dynamics of the innovation process and may help in formulating research question for future research.

4 de 6
Simulation, Learning and R and D Performance: Evidence From Automative Development.
Thomke, Stefan H
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 55 - 74
R AND D PERFORMANCEKNOWLEDGE CREATIONPROBLEM-SOLVINGLEARNINGCOMPUTER SIMULATIONAUTOMOTIVE DEVELOPMENT
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-004
As pressure to conduct research and development (R and D) faster and more efficiently has increased over the yeras, firms have embraced many novel technologies and approaches in an attempt to develop new capabilities that would give them an advantage over their competitors. While connection between building and renewing capability and performance has been shown in a number of different settings, the contents and routines of many such capabilities have not been studied in detail and the processes by which these capabilities lead to performance gains are still somewhat unclear. It this paper, I will try to provide a beter understanding of one rapidly emerging capability the ability to utilize advanced simulation in R and D examine how it can affect performance and the associated learning process. With the aid of a detailed empirical study in the area of automotive development, I will show that computer simulation is already having a dramatic impact in at least one very critical area the design for crashworthiness and is rapidly changing other important fields as well. First, by speeding up and simultaneously reducing the cost of design interations, developers can increase the frequency of problem-solving cycles while reducing the total amount of time and money spent on R and D. Second, the ability to conduct more diverse experiments with novel technical possibilities and to learn more effectively than with alternative methods can lead to better R and D output. The implications for managerial practice are discussed and suggestions for further research undertakings are provided.

5 de 6
The Nature of Long-run Technological Change: Innovation, Evolution and Technological Systems.
Leoncini, Riccardo
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 75 - 93
TECHNOLOGICAL SYSTEMEVOLUTIONLONG-RUN TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGEINNOVATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-005
The aim of this paper is to define the concept of technological system as a useful tool for analysing the technological performance of an economy. In order to deal with system openess and related concepts, the mains methodological issues are presented, paying particular attention to the evolutionay methodological foundations of the process of technological change. Then, the main building blocks of a technological system and its dynamics are analyzed in order to highlight the revelant features of this approach. An empirical comparison between German and Italian technological systems is then performed.

6 de 6
Comparative Analysis of a Ser of Bibliometric Indicators and Central Peer Review Criteria. Evaluation of Condensed Matter Physics in the Netherlands.
Rinia, E. J
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 27 No 1 May (1998) página 95 - 107
BIBLIOMETRIC INDICATORPEER REVIEW CRITERIACONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-008-006
In this paper first results are presented of a study on the correlation between bibliometric indicators and the outcomes of peer judgements made by expert commitees of physics in the Netherlands. As a firts step to study these outcomes in more detail, we focus on the results of an evaluation of 56 research programmes in condensed matter physics in the Netherlands, a subfield which accounts for rounghly one third of the total of Dutch physics. This set of research programmes is represented by a volume of more than 5000 publications and nearly 50,000 citations. The study shows varying correlations between different bibliometric indicators and the outcomes of a peer evaluation procedure. Also a breakdown of correlations to the level of different peer review criteria has been made. We found that the peer review criterium team shows generality the strongest correlation with bibliometric indicators. Correlations prove to be higher for groups which are involved in basic science than for groups which are more application oriented.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-008 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
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