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New Technology-Based Firms in the European Union: An Introduction.
Storey, D. J
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 933 - 946
EUROPEOVERVIEWNEW TECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRMSENTERPRENEURSHIPGROWTHSURVIVAL
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-001
This paper introduces the Special Issue on New Technology-Based Firms in Europe. It provides an overview of the issues. The role of smaller firms in the development of Europes high technology sectors is summarized, as are the policy issues, but the paper mainly discusses the characteristics of European NTBFs and their founders. This includes a review of the evidence with regard to the survival, growth and geographical clustering of NTBFs in Europe, as well as the factors facilitating and inhibiting their creation and development.

2 de 7
Smaller Firms and Europes High Technology Sectors: A Framework For Analysis and Some Statistical Evidence.
Tether, B. S
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 947 - 971
ENTERPRENEURSHIPMANUFACTURINGEUROPEHIGH TECHNOLOGYSMALL FIRMSSERVICES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-002
This paper introduces a simple framework through which the evolution of industries can be mapped. This framework is used to discuss the role of small firms in the development of Europes high technology sectors during the 1980s. The framework assesses the development of high technology sectors in two dimensions (1) through the change over time in the number of units (establishments or enterprises) in these sectors and (29 through the changing employment of these sectors. Changes within both manufacturing and service sectors are discussed and differences are found between the sectors examined. Especially among the manufacturing sectors, differences are also found between countries. In some countries the high technology manufacturing sectors are growing both in terms of the number of units active in these activities and their employment, while in other countries, the number of units is increasing but employment is contracting. Within this context, it may well be that the growth in the number of high technology small firms has at least as much to do with negative factors, such as the down-sizing of large firms, as it has to do with positive factors, such as the creation of innovative new entreprises.

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New, Technology-Based Firms in Small Open Economies. An Analysis Based on the Finnish Experience.
Autio, Erkko
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 973 - 987
NETWORKSINNOVATIONFINLANDNEW TECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRMS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-003
This paper analyses the roles and impacts of new, technology-based firms (NTBFs) in a small open economy, with empirical data from Finland. It is suggested that in small open economies, NTBFs may fall into a resource trap, which might result in their being relatively less growth oriented than NTBFs in countries where the domestic market is larger. Consequently, in small open economies, the systematic impact of NTBFs could be emphasised rather than their organic growth in terms of the employment that they create.

4 de 7
NTBFs the French Case.
Delapierre, Michel
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 989 - 1003
NEW TECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRMSSURVIVALENTERPRENEURSHIPGROWTHPOLICY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-004
New technology-based firms (NTBFs) represent only a small proportion of the firms established in France each year; they attract very little specific attention from the national statistical apparatus and are considered to be of marginal significance by both the public authorities and financial institutions. Although the definition of NTBFs is problematic, the available evidence suggests that the survival rate of technology-based firms is higher than that of other start-ups. The most successful in terms of growth belong to dense and convergent networks through which they interact with larger firms and research organizations. There is very little public policy specifically targeted on NTBFs in France. Instead, public financing has been devoted mainly to the development of SMEs in general in support of their role in the creation of new employment and to supporting technology-based firms, both large and small, to strengthen the international competitiveness of the French industry.

5 de 7
New Technology-Based Firms in Germany: A Survey of the Recent Evidence.
Licht, Georg
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 1005 - 1022
GERMANYSURVIVALNEW TECHNOLOGY-BASED FIRMSEMPLOYMENTPUBLIC POLICYINNOVATIONTECHNOLOGY TRANSFERLOCATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-005
The importance and contribution of new technology-based firms (NTBFs) to long-term economic development is at the centre of a controversial debate. This paper provides an overview of the current status of research on various issues concerning NTBSs in Germany. The issues covered include the incidence of start-up firms in Germanys technology-intensive sectors and their regional clustering. The review also shows that NTBFs play an important role with regard to the transfer, adoption and diffusion of technology. The public support and policy initiatives for NTBFs in Germany are also discussed.

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Creative Adaptation: The Role of New Technology Based Firms in Portugal.
Laranja, Manuel
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 1023 - 1036
NEW TECHNOLOGY BASED FIRMSNETWORKSTECHNOLOGY TRANSFERINNOVATIONPORTUGAL
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-006
This paper reviews two recent research studies on Portuguese New Technology Based Firms (NTBFs). Attention is given to the role and contribution of NTBFs to innovation. The main argument is that, by and large, NTBFs are less concerned with the introduction of major innovations and more with creative adaptive improvements to products and services based upon new technologies first introduced elsewhere. The empirical research found that Portuguese NTBFs are a recent phenomenon associated with diffusion of Electronics and Information Technologies (EIT) during the late 1980s. They perform a wide variety of knowledge-intensive activities, which enhance local users adoption processes and they are associated with different forms of technology transfer through external linkages. Overall, NTBFs undertake a frequently unobserved role as technology searchers and acquirers that, pushed by idiosyncratic local niche opportunities, selectively choose among and enhance technologies developed elsewhere, introducing them into the local market.

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Public Policy Measures to Support New Technology-Based Firms in the European Union.
Storey, D. J
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 1037 - 1057
ENTERPRENEURSHIPEUROPEPUBLIC POLICYNEW TECHNOLOGY BASED-FIRMS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-007-007
This paper provides a review of public policy measures implemented in EU countries to support New Technology-Based Firms (NTBFs) during the 1980s and early 1990s. It identifies five policy areas and provides a synthesis of the policy developments during this period and an assessment of their effectiveness. The policy areas examined are: Science Parks; the Supply of PhDs in Science and Technology, the relationships between NTBFs and Universities/Research Institutions; Direct Financial Support to NTBFs from National Governments; and the Impact of Technological Advisory Service on NTBFs. Although considered independently, these issues are clearly part of an interdependent system of policies and we conclude with an overview of the whole policy area, together with our personal recommendations for its improvement.

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