Búsqueda en Artículos Técnicos
Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-002 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 6 de 6
1
1 de 6
The Technological Competencies of the Worlds Largest Firms: Complex and Parth-Dependent, but Not Much Variety.
Patel, Pari
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 141 - 156
VARIETY AND CONSTRAINT IN MANAGERIAL CHOICESTABILITY AND DIFFERENTIATIONTHE PREVALENCE OF THE MULTI-TECHNOLOGY FIRM
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-001
Firm-specific technological competencies help explain why firms are different, how they change over time, and whether or not they are capable of remaining competitive. Data on more than 400 of the worlds largest firms show that their technological competences have the following characteristics: 1. They are typically multi-field, and becoming more so over time, with competencies ranging beyond their product range, in technical fields outside their distintive core. 2. They are highly stable and differentiated, with both the technology profile and the directions of localised search strongly influenced by firms principal products. 3. The rate of search is influenced by both the firms principal products, and the conditions in its home country. However, considerable unexplained variance suggests scope for managerial choice. These findings confirm the importance of complexity and path dependency in the accumulation of firm-specific technological competencies, and sho that managers are heavily constrained in the directions of their technological search. They also show the limits of the notion of competition through variety, given that the same specific field of technological competence is often essential to the development of a range of possible product configurations. Technological imperatives still exist.

2 de 6
Policy for Science For Policy: A cCommentary on Lambrith on Ozone Depletion and Acid Rain.
Pielke Jr, Roger A
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 157 - 168
OZONE DEPLETIONACID RAINPOLICY-FOR-SCIENCE-FOR-POLICYPOLICY RELEVANCE
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-002
Scientists face increasing pressure to demostrate how their work contributes to societal objectives. Likewise, policy makers proposing environmental policies are often asked to provide the scientific basis on which their proposals are based. These twin pressures are forcing a closer connection between science and policy. In our view, policy-for-science-for-policy is a recursive process of defining societal goals, using those goals to identify questions to be addressed by science, then relating the findings of science back to the original goals, and if necessary, revisting the goals themselves. Any policy analysis that focuses solety on policy-for-scinece or on science-for-policy tells only part of the story. To illustrate the need for and utility of a more integrative framework we critique a recent study of science and policy in the case stratospheric ozone depletion provided by W. H. Lambright in the September 1995 issue of Research Policy and in the process ofter an alternative analysis. We find that the primary lesson of the ozone experience, supported in the case of cid rain, lies not in the conduct of research by goverment agencies or in the efforts of research managers to provide entrepreneurial leadership, but in the establishment of a healthy policy process a policy-for-science-for-policy that connected scientists and decisison makers in pursuit of a common goal.

3 de 6
Managing Large-Scale Technology and Inter-Organizational Relations: The case of the Channel Tunnel.
Genus, Audley
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 169 - 189
THE CHANNEL TUNNEL CASE STUDY: BACKGROUNDCENTRALIZED CHOICE: THE POLICY-MAKING PROCESS AND INTER-ORGANIZATIONAL RELATIONSMETHOD
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-003
This paper provides an analysis of the difficulties affecting the development of the Channel Tunnel fixed link. The study draws upon relevant concepts and concerns located in the disciplines of technology policy, decision theory and project management. It evaluates the inflexibility (and non-incrementaility) of the Channel Tunnel project in terms of capital intensity, unit size, dependence upon specialized infrastucture and lead time. Hitherto, research has provided support for the hypothesis that technological projects characterized by the aforementioned factors will be unusually painful to develop, with adverse implications for their performance in operation. Studies of this type have analysed, amongst other subjects, the development of nuclear power and first generation North Sea oil fields: cases which contravene the prescriptions of incrementalism. Another aspect of the paper investigates the claim, also supported by previous research, that inflexible techology projects are promoted by centralized decision-making processes to the exclusion of legitimate stakeholders. A more flexible, incremental approach, on the other hand, would emphasize the mutual adjustment and coordination of various stakeholders. The theme of the paper referred to here relates to the implications of centralized decision making early in the life of large-scale projects for subsequent inter-organizational conflict and the lack of the partnering or mutual approach that is widely accepted as being a key factor in the effective management of such projects. The research benefits from interviews with key participants in the Channel Tunnel project as well as from a wealth of secondary data. Conclusions drawn refer to the whether the finding of the research support or relute the incremental thesis and whether more flexible alternative options were available to decision makers.

4 de 6
Research Consortia as a Vehicle for Basis Research: The Case of a Fifth Generation Computer Project in Japan.
Odagiri, Hiroyuki
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 191 - 207
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY POLICYFIFTH GENERATION COMPUTERRESEARCH CONSORTIUMJOINT R AND D
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-004
This paper investigates the advantages and disadvantages of a publicly supported government-industry research consortuim as avehicle for conducting basic research, taking Japans Fifth Generation Computer Systems Project as a case. After discussing the organization, activities, and achievements of the project, we inquire whether the usual explanations of cooperative R and D apply to the project. Complementary of resources from different compaines may not have been as important as in previous research associations in Japan (e.g. the VLSI Association) but the establishment of a temporary research institute with seconded researchers was an effective way to deal with the limited mobility of researchers in the Japanese labour market. Most importantly, the project fostered the spillover of created knowledge. There remains a doutb, however, whether the project can be a model for future research projects.

5 de 6
Technological Diversification in the Multinational Corporation Historical Evolution and Future Prospects.
Zander, Ivo
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 209 - 227
TECHNOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATIONFOREING TECHNOLOGICAL CAPABILITIESMULTINATIONAL CORPORATIONS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-005
The article analyses the postwar evolution of technological diversification in the multinational corporation. Longitudinal data on 24 Swedish multinationals suggest that technological diversification has become a significant characteristic of the multinational corporation, and show that units located outside the country of origin have assumed a dominant role in an increasing proportion of all advanced technological capabilities. The discussions puts forward two interpretations of how this has changed the nature of innovation in the multinational corporation: one emphasizing the continued importance of local innovation processes and one based on the development of an organizational capital which allows the firm to integrate technological activity across geographically dispered units. It is hypothesized that units in foreing locations are becoming increasingly engaged in the local integration of several related technologies. This solution recognizes some of the difficulties involved in international knowledge exchange, and suggests that foreing units develop world mandates for groups of technologies in which they have proved their technological excellence.

6 de 6
From Market Magic to Calypso Science Policy. A Review to Terence Kealeys The Economic Laws of Scientific Research.
David, P. A
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No2 May (1997) página 229 - 255
ONE MANS WARNINGA MATTER OF STYLEDR KEALEY AND THE CONQUEST OF ECONOMIC THEORYTHE ARGUMENTA CASE TO ANSWER?KEALEYS SECOND AND THIRD LAWSHISTORY AND THE HUNT FOR "KEALEYS FIRST LAW"
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-002-006

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-002 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 6 de 6
1
© Universidad Dr. Rafael Belloso Chacín, Derechos Reservados, Estado Zulia, Venezuela, 2011.
Dirección de Tecnologías de Información - Unidad de Servicios Web