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1 de 8
What is Research Collaboration?.
Katz, Sylvan J
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 01 - 18
PREVIOUS RESEARCHWHAT IS A COLLABORATION IS THE BOUNDARYWHAT ARE THE BENEFITS AND COSTS OF COLLABORATION?HOW CAN ONE MEASURE COLLABORATION? THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN COLLABORATION AND CO - AUTHORSHIPWHO ARE THE RESEARCH COLLABORATION?WHAT MOTIVATES COLLABORATION?
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-001
Although there have been many previous studies of research collaborations comparatively little attentions has been given to the concept of collaboration or to the adequacy of attemping to measure it through co - autohorship. It this paper, we distinguish between collaboration at different levels and shown that inter - institutional and international collaboration need not necessarily involve inter - individual collaboration. We also show that co - authorship is no more than a partial indicator of collaboration. Lastly, we argue for a more symmetrical approach in comparing the costs of collaboration with the undoubted benefits when considering policies towards research collaboration.

2 de 8
Smaller Enterprise and Innovation in the UK: the SPRU. Innovations Database Revisited.
Tether, B. S
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 19 - 32
THE EFFECT OF THE REVISIONINNOVATIVE OUTPUTS RELATIVE TO EMPLOYMENT IN THE MANUFACTURING SECTORTHE EXTENT AND LIMITATIONS OF THE REVISIONEXCLUDING THE IMPORTED INNOVATIONSTHE SPRU INNOVATIONS DATABASETHE EFFECTS OF THE REVISION ON THE CONTRIBUTIONS TO INNOVATION OF LARGER ENTERPRISESA REVISION OF THE SPRU INNOVATIONS DATABASE: THE CLASSIFICATION DISCREPANCY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-002
This paper present a re - examination of the evidence provided by the SPRU Innovations Database on the role of smaller enterprises in technological innovation over the period 1975 - 1983. This re - examination is the result of a detailed investigation of the smaller organizations listed on the Database in that period. The analysis reveals smaller enterprises to be a less important source of technological innovation that was previously demonstrated by the SPRU Database in its original form. It also shows that, contrary to the evidence provided by the Database in its original form, smaller enterprises in the manufacturing sector did not introduce a disproportionately large share of the listed innovations relative to their share of employent, even in the last years of the Database.

3 de 8
How Persistently do Firms Innovate?.
Geroski, P. A
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 33 - 48
MODELLING PERSISTENT INNOVATIVE ACTIVITYANALYSING INNOVATIVE SPELLS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-003
This paper examines the innovative history of a number of UK firms using two large databases, looking for evidence consistent with the view that firms that innovate typically do so persistently. The first sample constains 3304 firms which registered at least one patent in the US at any time in the period 1969 - 1988, while the second consist of 1624 firms which produced at least one major innovation at any time in the UK from 1945 to 1982. Both data sets yield the same conclusion, namely that very few innovative firms are persistently innovative.

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Getting Round the Lock-in in Electricity Generating Systems: The Example of the Gas Turbine.
Islas, Jorge
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 49 - 66
COMPETITION IN THE HYBRIDIZATION OF THE TECHNOLOGIES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-004
The purpose of this paper is to show how, in a situation of lock-in in the environment of electricity generation, a new technology can succeed in overcomming this situation and become competitive. Our study will show that it is possible to get round the lock-in by bringing into play the increasing returns of adoption in particular production niches, where the existence of powerful constraints of techno-economic consistency leads to a path of increasing specification. Then a hybridization of the competing technologies will allow the new technology to emerge from the original niche and take advantage of the increasing returns of adoption which were hitherto the reserve of the former technology. We shall then draw lessons from the example of the gas turbine in comparison with the basic model of B. Arthur.

5 de 8
Multi - Mode Interaction Among Technologies.
I. Pistorius, C. W
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 67 - 84
THE DYNAMICS OF TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGE AND ORGANIZATIONAL ECOLOGYGROWTH RATE AS THE CRITERION FOR CLASSIFYING THE MODE OF INTERACTIONPREVIEW OF STRATEGIESTEMPORAL SHIFTS BETWEEN MODESA MULTI - MODE FRAMEWORK TO ASSESS INTERACTION AMONG TECHNOLOGIESINTERACTION AMONG TECHNOLOGIES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-005
Technological innovation is manifested in the development of new products, processes and techniques such that emerging technologies often substitute for more mature technologies. The interaction between technologies is typically referred to as competition, implying a confrontational interaction. The setting of technology strategy is thus often concerned with issues relating to the competition between emerging technologies and the response of mature technologies to the offense from emerging technologies strategies for attack and defense. in this paper is argued that the interaction between technologies should be viewed in a broader sense than mere competition, and it is suggested that a multi - mode framework provides a much richer setting for assessing the interaction of two or more technologies. This concept has been successfully applied in biological and organizational ecology, and it is shown that it can be equally useful when applied to the dynamics of technological interaction. It is proposed that the effect that one technology has on anothers growth rate be taken as a classification criterion. Examples are given to illustrate that three major modes of interaction exist, namely pure competition, symbiosis and preator - prey. In addition, the notion that the interaction between technologies can in general shift temporally from one mode to another is motivated. It is suggested that, since the characteristics of the three modes differ from one another, it is appropiate to develope managerial strategies that apply specifically to each of the three modes instead of just applying generic competition strategies.

6 de 8
The Globalization of R and D: Results of a Survey of Foreing-Affiliated R and D Laboratories in the USA.
Florida, Richard
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 85 - 103
STUDY DESINGMANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONINNOVATIVE OUTPUT AND SOURCES OF INNOVATIONTECHNOLOGY AND MARKETS IN FOREING DIRECT R AND D INVESTMENTINTERNAL MANAGEMENT AND ORGANIZATIONSCOPE AND ACTIVITIES OF SAMPLE LABORATORIES
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-006
This paper examines the globalization of innovation and the phenomenon of foreing direct investment (FDI) in research and development. To do so, it draws from a survey of foreing - affiliated R and D laboratories in the United States. While the literature on foreing direct invesment has emphasized the role of markets in driving off - shore investmnets, the main conclusion of this research is that the globalization of innovation is driven in large measure by technology factors. Of particular imporatnce is the objective of firms to secure access to scientific and technical human capital.

7 de 8
The Role of Flexibility in the Development of New Products: An Empirical Study.
Thomke, Stefan H
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 105 - 119
METHODSDESIGN FLEXIBILITY
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-007
Although flexibility and firm competitiveness have been linked by a considerable body of research, most efforts to advance our understanding of flexibility have been focused on manufacturing, the economics of firms, and competitive strategy. This paper examines the link between technology and flexibility during product design and its impact on development performance and strategies for managing development risk, particularly in environments of high uncertainty. Using the incremental cost and time of modifying a design as a response to endogenous cahnge as a measure of flexibility. I compared analogous development projects from a large - scale empirical study of integrated circuit (IC) design. It was found that projects using flexible design technologies outperformed projects using inflexible technologies by a factor of 2.2 (in person-months) and over 23 por ciento of that difference can be attributed to differences in managing the risk of design changes: high flexibility enabled designers to tolerate high levels vof risk, whereas low flexibility resulted in significantly higher resource investment that were aimed at minimizing the risk of design changes. The implications for mangerial theory and practice are discussed and approaches that would firms to enhance design flexibility are proposed.

8 de 8
Decision - Making in Research and Development Collaboration.
Horng Chen, Shin
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No1 March (1997) página 121 - 135
TWO ASPECTS OF DECISION - MAKING IN R AND D COLLABORATIONREASON FOR DECENTRALIZED CONTROL OF R AND D COLLABORATIONLOCUS OF CORPORATE CONTROL FOR R AND D COLLABORATIONR AND D ACTIVITIES OF COLLABORATIVE R AND D PROJECTSPOLICY IMPLICATIONSRESEARCH METHODS
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-001-008
Research and development (R and D) collaboration has come to the forefront of both academic interest and public policies. This paper aims to contribute to the current understanding of R and D collaboration by exploring issues regarding its decision - making aspect and drawing implications for the public policies. Specific inquiries are made into issues related to major types of research activities conducted by joint R and D partners and to were decisions on R and D collaboration are taken within multi-site corporations. The research draws on an original questionnaire survey addressed to establishments in three industries in the UK. The empirical results suggest that joint R and D activities tend to be competition related. On this basis, the paper critically examines the debate on government support for pre - competitive vs. near-market collaboration. The evidence also shows that corporate control for R and D collaboration can be decentralized. As a result, a more flexive view of the strategic nature of R and D collaboration needs to be ackowledged. Further implications can be drawn with reference to the concept of additionality which has been used in rationalizing public support for R and D.

Los resultados en: Libros Tesis Revistas Gacetas Videos
Búsqueda sobre: RRP-001 EN REGISTRO INTERNO ,
Registros: del 1 al 8 de 8
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