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Innovation Systems and Technological Specialization in Latin America and the Caribbean.
Alcorta, Ludovico
Research Policy, University of Sussex, Brighton, North - Holland - Amsterdam
Research Policy Vol. 26 No 7-8 Abril (1998) página 857 - 881
NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF INNOVATIONTECHNOLOGY POLICYCARIBBEAN COUNTRIESLATIN AMERICATECHNOLOGICAL SPECIALIZATION
Servicio de referencia sección de publicaciones periódicas, Biblioteca "Dr. Nectario Andrade Labarca"
Ingles
RRP-006-009
This paper examines the National Systems of Innovation (NSI) of Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) countries and attempts to assess their performances. Although it points out at a number of specific successes., overall, the regions NSI have evolved since their inception in the 1950s into weak entities. Science and technology institutions and organizations are not fully performing an enabling role; links and interactions between government support organizations, businesses and academia are tenuous; invesment in intangibles and human capital is low; and, public policy is only partially effective. The main result of such weakness is that LAC countries innovative performance has, as measured by the index of the technological specialization (ITS) which relates the worlds normalized shares of high-to low-tech exports, with the only exception perhaps of Mexico, remained stagnant or has fallen and has lost relatively to many countries that started at similar levels twenty yeaers ago.

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